REVISED: 4/7/09

Foreign Military Airplanes in US Registry

Upon entering WW1, the USA had no viable combat aircraft, so planes were purchased from our Allies to equip American Expeditionary Force (AEF) and Air Service (USAS) squadrons. As well, a number of foreign combat aircraft were produced under license stateside. This held true for foreign-built military aircraft procured by our services between the wars and into WW2. Excluded are civil and personal aircraft, and Canadian production, which is covered in our main Aircraft pages. ("No data" simply means we haven't found time yet to dig up any info.)

Albatros D-III (Germany) 1919 = POP: 1 McCook Field project [AS94014].

Albatros D-V (Germany) 1919 = POP: 2 McCook Field projects [AS94015, AS94020].

Ansaldo SVA.9 (Italy) 1917 = no data.

Ansaldo SVA.10 (Italy) 1920 = 2pOB. POP: 1 as transport for US Air Attaché staff in Rome, retained Italian s/n.
Avro 504K (England) 1918 = Trainer. 2pOB. POP: 41 with UK s/ns, 11 as US Army [AS1668, AS62952/62959, AS68558, AS94022/94023], of which 7 in the first batch were shipped to US.

Avro 504J (England) 1918 = no data. POP: 1 [AS94062].
BAT FK.23 (England) 1919 = no data. British Aerial Transport. POP: 1 [AS94111].
Blackburn BST-1 Swift (England) 1921. Carrier-based torpedoplane. 3pOB; 450hp Napier Lyon. POP: 2 for USN evaluation at Anacostia [A6056/6057].
Breguet 14A2/14B2 (France) 1918 = 2pOB; 285hp Fiat 6 or 300hp Renault V-12. POP: 1 imported to McCook Field [AS94097], plus unknown number used in combat with French s/ns.
Bristol Beaufighter VIF (England) 1942 = Ground- and sea-attack fighter and bomber impressed from RAF field inventory. 2pClwM rg; two 1670hp Hercules VI/XVI.

Bristol Bulldog IIA (England) 1929 = Fighter. 1pOB; 500hp Bristol Jupiter VIIF; v: 140. POP: 1 for USN [A8485, A8607], the first crashed on its first Navy test flight, so a second one was purchased in 1930.

Bristol Scout (England) 1919 = Fighter. 1pOB. POP: 1 [AS94025].
Caproni Ca.30 (Italy) 1918 = no data. POP: 1 for USN [A5654].

Caproni Ca.44 (Italy) 1918 = Bomber. Unique twin-fuselage design with two what proved to be problematical Fiat engines; span: 76'10" length: 41'2" v: 103. POP: 19, with Italian s/ns, for operations attacks on German coastal installations as the Northern Bombing Group Night Wing.
Caspar U-1 (Germany) c.1920 = Submarine-based scout. 1pOBF; 60hp Siemens; span: 23'9" length: 20'10" v: 90. POP: 2 for USN tests [A6434/6435], the first of which was mounted on a truck for a parade and damaged beyond repair by low-hanging tree branches.
Caudron C.620 (France) 1939 = Acquired from French government before WW2. POP: 1 with USN s/n [0725].

Caudron G.III (France) 1918 = Trainer. 2pOB; 80hp LeRhône rotary or 90hp Clerget radial. POP: 192, retained French s/ns.

Caudron G.IV (France) 1918 = Trainer and onservation. 2pOB; two 80hp LeRhône. The first twin-engine combat airplane of WW1. POP: 10, retained French s/ns.
de Havilland C-7 [63-13686, 57-3082] (Eric Blocher coll)

de Havilland C-7 (England) 1957 = SEE de Havilland entry on 'D' page.
de Havilland DH-4 (England/Canada) = SEE de Havilland entry on 'D' page.

de Havilland DH-9A (England) 1918 = Photo, recon. 2pOB; 400hp Liberty 12. POP: 54 for the Northern Bombing Group, retained their RAF s/ns.

de Havilland XDH-60 Cirrus Moth (England) 1927 = Transport for Naval Air Attaché in London. POP: 1 for USN [A7564], sold as [G-AADB] in 1928.

de Havilland XDH-80 Puss Moth (England) 1934 = 3pChwM; 130hp Gipsy Major. Transport for Naval Air Attaché in London. POP: 1 for USN [A8877], was impressed by RAF in 1939.

de Havilland DH-89 (USAF Museum)

de Havilland DH-89 Dragon Rapide (England) 1942 = no data.

de Havilland DH-94 Moth Minor (England) 1942 = Trainer. 2pOlwM; 90hp Gipsy Minor. POP: 1 [42-94128].

de Havilland DH-98 (USAF Museum)

de Havilland DH-98 Mosquito (England) 1942 = Fighter, bomber.
DFW C-V (Germany) 1919 = no data. POP: 1 McCook Field project [AS94031].
Donnet-Denhaut (France) 1918 = Sea patrol, scout, anti-sub. 2-3pOBFb; 200hp Hisso; span: 53'7" length: 35'5" v: 72. Purchased in league with the Tellier batch. POP: 58, of which 2 went to US for evaluation and received USN s/ns [A5653/5653].
Dorand AR.1 (France) 1917 = Trainer. 2pOB; 200hp Renault. POP: 22, retained French s/ns.

Dorand AR.2 (France) 1917 = Trainer. 2pOB; 190hp Renault. POP: 120, retained French s/ns.
Dornier CS.2 Dolphin (Germany) c.1920 = Odd transport design acquired by Navy engineers to study its metal construction. POP: 1 for USN [A6055].

Dornier D.1 (Germany) 1921 = no data. POP: 1 for McCook Field [AS68546] and 1 for USN [A6058].

Dornier Do.200 (Germany) 1943 = 7 captured USAF Boeing B-17Fs were flown by the Luftwaffe in non-combat roles under this special model designation and with German insignia.
Dornier-Wright WP-1 (Switzerland) 1923 = Pursuit. 1pOhwM; license-built Hisso-Wright H-3; span: 32'10" length: 24'6" v: 162. Entered in 1923 Navy fighter competition but did not raise many brass eyebrows. POP: 1 for USN [A6748].
Farman F.40 (France) 1918 = Trainer (FP.40A-2) and photo-observer (FP.40P-2); 130hp Renault V-12. POP: 30, retained French s/ns.
FBA Type H (France) 1918 = Consortium of British, French, Italian constructors ('FBA' for 'Franco-British Aviation'—the Italians in Porto Corsini apparently didn't rate an initial) was responsible for a series of flying boats for recon and bombing. 3pOBFb; 180hp Hisso pusher; span: 47'7" length: 33'2" v: 90. POP: 11 for USN, with French s/ns.
Fokker C-I (Holland) 1921 = Fighter trainer. An enlarged (and slightly slower) D-VII with 185hp BMW; span: 34'10' length: 23'8" v: 112. POP: 3 to Marines [A5887/5889].

Fokker D-VII Packard-powered two-seater; enigmatic '4529' on its side [AS8403] (Packard ad)

Fokker D-VII 1919 = US Army's war-inventory accounted for 142 D-VIIs being brought to the USA for use as advanced trainers, of which 12 were diverted to USMC [A5843/5854] but only the first 6 were accepted and the last 6 s/ns canceled. Scarcity of Army s/ns is a mystery needing to be solved, but some with McCook Field connections were: [AS64303, AS64343, AS64345/64346, AS68543, AS94033/94034, AS94039/94040, AS94102/94104].

Fokker D.IX (Holland) 1922 = 2pOB; 335hp Wright H-2. POP: 1, redesignated as PW-6 [AS68575].

Fokker D.XI (Holland) 1923 = 2pOB; 440hp Curtiss D-12. POP: 3, redesignated as PW-7 [AS68580/68582].

Fokker F.IV (Holland) 1921 = SEE Fokker T-2 entry on Fokker page.

Fokker FT-1 (Holland) c.1923 = Torpedoplane on twin floats. O/ClwMF; 400hp Liberty 12; span: 65'0" length: 51'0" v: 104. POP: 3 for USN [A6008/6010], the last one to civil [NC5763] in 1927.
Halberstadt C-V (Germany) 1919 = no data. POP: 1 McCook Field project [AS94042].
Handley-Page HPS aka S-1/S-2/S-3 (England) 1921 = Shipboard fighter prototype. 1pOlwM; 230hp Bentley BR-2 rotary; span: 29'3" length: 21'5" v(est): 120. POP: 1 of 3 registered in contract for USN [A6402/6404]; the first (S-1) had stability problems at the factory and was not delivered, the second (S-2) collapsed during load testing at Anacostia, and the third (S-3) was canceled by USN before delivery.
Hanriot HD.2 (France) 1918 = no data. POP: 10 for USN [A5620/5629].
Hawker-Siddeley XV-6A [64-18262] (USAF Museum)

Hawker-Siddeley XV-6 Harrier (England) 19?? = no data.

Hawker-Siddeley AV-8 Harrier (England) 1971 = no data.
Heinkel He.22 (Germany) 1930 = 2pOB; 230hp BMW IV. POP: 1 for US Air Attaché staff in Berlin [30-420].
Levy-Lepen HB.2 (France) 1918 = no data. POP 3: [A5650/5651, A5657].
Macchi M.5 (Italy) 1918 = no data.

Macchi M.8 (Italy) 1918 = Seaplane. POP: 2 for USN [A5574/5575].

Macchi H.16 (Italy) 19?? = POP: 3 for USN [A6005/6007].
Messerschmitt (Bf.108B) XC-44 (Germany) 1939 = For use by US Air Attaché staff in Berlin; impressed into Luftwaffe (1942). POP: 1 [39-718].
Morane-Saulnier AR.1 (France) 1920 = 2p trainer. POP: 6 for USN [A5976/5981].

Morane-Saulnier MS.12 (France) 1918 = Dual trainer. 2pOhwM; 50hp Gnôme rotary. POP: 138 with French s/ns.

Morane-Saulnier MS.30 (France) 1918 = Advanced trainer. 1pOhwM; 120hp LeRhône rotary. Fighter deemed by AEF as too frail and lightly armed, they served as trainers instead. POP: 51 with French s/ns.

Morane-Saulnier MS.234 (France) 1932 = 2pOhwM; license-built 330hp Hispano-Wright J-6-9 Whirlwind. POP: 1 for use by US Air Attaché in Paris [32-419].
Nieuport 11 (France) 1916 = While this pursuit served the American Escadrille Lafayette, there is no record of any ever used in 1918 by AEF.

Nieuport 17C-1 (France) 1918 = POP: 76, retained French s/ns.

Nieuport 21 (France) 1918 = POP: 198, retained French s/ns.

Nieuport 23 (France) 1918 = POP: 50, retained French s/ns.

Nieuport 24 (France) 1918 = POP: 121 older version with Model 17 one-piece rudder and 140 with new hinged fin-rudder, all with French s/ns.

Nieuport 27 (France) 1918 = Pursuit, advanced trainer; improved version of Model 17. POP: 120, of which only 1 with a USAS s/n [AS94098].

Nieuport 28C-1 (USAF Museum)

Nieuport 28C-1 (France) 1918 = Pursuit. 1pOB; 160hp Gnôme rotary. First fighter to see action with AEF. POP: 298, of which only 1 with a USAS s/n [AS94100].

Nieuport 80E-2 (France) 1918 = Trainer. 2pOB; 80hp LeRhône rotary. POP: 147, all with French s/ns.

Nieuport 81D-2 (France) 1918 = Dual-control trainer in side-by-side cockpit. 2pOB; 80hp LeRhône rotary. POP: 173, all with French s/ns. Nieuport 83E-2 (France) 1918 = Trainer in 'bathtub' cockpit. 2pOB; 80hp LeRhône rotary. POP: 244, all with French s/ns.
Parnall Panther (England) 1919 = no data.
RAE BE2e (England) 1918 = Trainer. 2pOB; 90hp RAE 1A V-8. Modified as single-bay with longer top wing. POP: 12 with RAF s/ns.

RAE FE2b (England) 1918 = Bomber, photo, recon. 2pOB; 160hp Beardmore pusher. POP: 30 with RAF s/ns.

RAE SE5a (England) 1918 = POP: 6 [AS43153, AS64348, AS68545, AS94078, AS94094, 22-235].
Roland D-V (Germany) 1919 = POP: 4 as McCook Field projects [AS94057, AS94061, AS94063/94064].
Romeo Ro.1 (Italy) 1928 = Italian license-built Dutch design (Fokker C-VE), 2pOB with 450hp Bristol Jupiter. For use by US Naval Attaché in Rome, with USN reg [A7565]. Sold to Italian Air Force in 1934.
Salmson (France) 1919 = no data [AS94110].
SIA 7B (Italy) 1917 = Bomber, recon. 2pOB; 300hp Fiat; span: 43'8" length: 29'9" v: 111. POP: 2 were imported to McCook Field for evaluation in 1917 and 19 more purchased for the AEF in 1918; none was registered with a US s/n.
Siemens-Schuckert D-III (Germany) 1919 = POP: 4 as McCook Field project [AS64347].
Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (France) 1917 = Purchased from France as their retitled two-seat Sopwith 1A2 and single-seat 1B1. POP: 514 for Army with RAF s/ns, 22 for USN [A5660, A5725/5728, 5734/5750], the first one and last two renamed Ships Strutter.

Sopwith Baby on floats [A-349] (USN)

Sopwith Baby (England) 1918 = POP: 6 for USN [A394, A407, A869/872].

Sopwith Camel (England) 1918 = Pursuit. 1pOB; 130hp Clerget rotary. Only one combat squadron in France was so equipped, most were used as trainers in England. POP: 143 for Army with RAF s/ns, 6 for USN [A5658/5659, A5721/5722, A5729/5730]. One at McCook Field seen as [AS94063], which was a conflicting s/n.

Sopwith Dragon (England) 1920 = no data. POP: 1 [AS94106].

Sopwith Salamander TF2 (England) 1920 = no data. POP: 1 [AS94072].

Sopwith Snipe 7F1 (England) 1919 = no data. POP: 1 [AS94016], to civil [NC6636] (1926).

Sopwith Pup (England) 1917 = no data. POP: 2 for USN [5855/5856].
Sopwith-Schneider (England) 1916 = no data. From RNAS via Canada Navy. POP: 1 for USN [A394].
SPAD 7C-1 (France) 1918 = Fighter, advanced trainer. 1pOB; 150hp Hispano-Suiza. Fast and strong but underarmed with only one gun, most actually served AEF as trainers; a small batch built and exported to USA after the Armistice were used as trainers at Kelly Field (TX) until 1926. POP: 189, with only 1 assigned a US s/n [AS94099].

SPAD 11A-2 (France) 1918 = Recon. 2pOB; 150hp Hispano-Suiza. POP: 35, all with French s/ns.

SPAD 13 E V Rickenbacker (USAF Museum()

SPAD 13C-1, 13E (France) 1918 = Fighter. POP: 893 with French s/ns, of which 2 had an Air Service registration [AS94074, AS94101], and 11 were produced in 1923 for USAAC as Spad 13E [23-938/948]. A contract for 2,000 to be license-built in US by Curtiss was canceled by the Armistice.

SPAD 16A-2 (France) 1918 = Recon. As 11A-2 but with 250hp direct-drive Lorraine. POP: 6, with French s/ns.
Tellier (England) 1917 = POP: 2 [A5647/5649] Supermarine Spitfire (England) 1942 = Retained their RAF s/ns.
Vickers Viking IV (England) 1942 = Scout. 2-3pOBAm; 450hp Napier Lion. POP: 1 evaluator for USN [A6073].
Voisin 8, 10 (France) 1918 = Antiquated combat design of 1912 had residual value only as a trainer. 2pOB; 220hp Peugeot pusher. POP: 2 Model 8s exported to McCook Field for testing in 1917 and 8 more purchased for AEF use; 2 Model 10s were similar but with 300hp Renault pusher. All retained their French s/ns.